Theoretical and practical aspects of motivation for military education in the armed forces

  • KOBA TCHITCHINADZE, LEPL David Agmashenebeli National Defenc
  • NUNU OVCIANIKOVA, Technical University of Georgia Associat eta
  • TRIINU SOOMERE, Lecturer in Critical Thinking and Commun eta
Keywords: Motivation,Theories of motivation and needs


Recognized by international experience one of the most important factors in the success of the country’s armed forces is a motivated and educated human resource. Consequently, in the contemporary stage  the world’s  developed countries’ armed forces pay great attention to the education, training and career development of the personnel. 

The article describes close relationship between military education, educational process and the motivation of the military servicemen. It is noteworthy that in the armed forces there is no uniform approach to motivate military personnel, the motivation process is more oriented towards the challenge of internal interest by methods of ‘punishment and encouragement ‘, focusing on the educational process in the field of military education, and the external impulses and motivation of students.

In the theoretical aspect not only the theory of contemporary motivation and demands – Richard Ryan and Edward Des ‘ the theory of self – determination, Victor Vruism’s theory of expectations and Abraham Maslow’s  theory of expectations and  requirements, but also substantiates the advantages, values and importance from the scope of practical aspects of military education. Students’ motivation sources and types are based on the results of the survey conducted by the Georgian National Defence Academy students. In this article the possibility of implementation of the proposed theories in the field of military education is reinforced and stated by examples and practical research results of well- known authors. Various forms and methods of student motivation are discussed, the role and abilities of teachers and instructors in students’ motivation. It focuses on the theory of self-determination that expresses the importance of motivating students among different people with different status and thus closely related to the educational process. The theory focuses on three basic universal requirements such as autonomy, competency and relatedness.

 The paper presents the summary and recommendations of values, importance and  advantages of using theories of motivation and demands in the field of military education by students, teachers and instructors.