SPECIAL OPERATIONS FORCES (THE LAND FORCES COMPONENT) OF THE ARMED FORCES OF THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY: EVOLUTION, MODERN STATE, REFORM PROSPECTS

  • ANDRIY SLIUSARENKO, Associate Professor,Colonel
Keywords: UKRAINE, GERMANY, SPECIAL FORCES, REFORM, ARMED FORCES

Abstract

The decree of Law of Ukraine №4795 “On introducing on changes to some laws of Ukraine concerning
Special Operations Forces of the Armed Forces of Ukraine” taken by Verkhovna Rada of
Ukraine on 7 July 2016, the adoption of the conceptual document on direct developing of the Special
Operations Forces (SOF) as an independent component of the Armed Forces of Ukraine made the
research task topical as well as creative application of the experience of “elite troops” activities of
the world leading countries, considering its appropriate usage in the national conditions. Another
stimulus to the creative study and application of foreign achievements in the field of special military
activity is the aspiration of Ukraine for adapting its defense organization to the standards of the EU
and NATO.
The experience of Germany is to some extent close to Ukraine, since both states are continental,
with the prevailing share of ground forces. In the light of the known military-political and international
legal circumstances, the Federal Republic of Germany began the process of formation own SOF
relatively late compared to the “Atlantic” countries, primarily the United States and Great Britain.
At the same time, the Federal Republic of Germany pursued its own, original conceptual and
organizational way which took into consideration both the traditions of military formation and the
experience of organizing the SOF of other NATO members, the available military capabilities (in
particular, the developed airborne (airmobile) compounds that structurally and typologically brings
the Bundeswehr together with the Armed Forces of Ukraine), as well as the latest tasks of reforming
the army, which began to be used more frequently outside Germany in NATO military operations and
peacekeeping missions.
In addition, the experience of Germany, a country known for its intellectual potential, constructivism,
the ability to make non-trivial decisions and a creative approach to solving non-standard military-
political tasks (there are not many cases in the history of the twentieth century but massive tragic
consequences are known), attracts its ability to find optimal doctrinal and management decisions.
These national features have clearly been embodied in the definition of the model, the practice of
creating of the SOF of Germany.

Published
2019-03-27